Morocco (officially the Kingdom of Moroccois) is the most westerly of the North African countries. It has both, Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines, and it also has a rugged mountain interior. The Arabic name al-Mamlakat al-Maghribiyyah, which translates to “The Western Kingdom”, and Al-Maghrib, are commonly used as alternate names.
Morocco has a population of over 32 million and an area of 446,550 sqm. The political capital is Rabat, although the largest city is Casablanca. Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Its rich culture is a blend of Arab Berber, (indigenous African) and also other African and European influences.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco, King Mohammed VI, holds vast executive and legislative powers, including the power to dissolve the parliament. Executive power is exercised by the government but the king’s decisions usually override those of the government if there is a contradiction.
The main religion is Islam. The official language is Literary Arabic . Moroccan Arabic referred to as Dareja, Berber and French are also spoken. Morocco’s economy is considered a relatively liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand. Since 1993, the country has followed a policy of of privatization of certain economic sectors which used to be in the hands of the government.